However, it is possible that the determination does indeed require diversity from the perspective of the advisory parties in a way that Rawls and others like Harsanyi did not expect. The reason for this is simple, even if the proof is a bit complex. The normalization of the parties` perspectives presupposes that there is a stable position, which has all the relevant information necessary for the generation of stable and specific social rules. However, there is no reason to think that such a perspective can be found. If we realize instead that « cognitive work sharing » has epistemic benefits, there are good reasons to favor a diverse idealization of the parts instead of normalization (see Weisberg and Muldoon 2009, Gaus 2016, Muldoon 2017, Muldoon for publication). There are reasons to conclude that if we want to discover social treaties, the best way to achieve a series of interconnected normative desiderates (e.g. B freedom, equality, well-being, etc.), a deliberal process based on a diversity of perspectives will go beyond a process based on a strict normalization of perspectives (Gaus 2011b, 2016). Epicurus in the fourth century BC. J.-C.
seemed to have had a strong sense of the social contract, justice and law being rooted by mutual agreement and advantage, as evidenced in particular by these lines of his main doctrines (see also ethics epicure): the social contract is therefore a model of rational justification translating the problem of justification (what are the reasons for individuals) into a problem of reflection (what are the rules). (2) As Rawls asserts, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809-1865) advocated a conception of the social contract in which no individual would cede sovereignty to others. According to him, the social contract did not exist between individuals and the state, but between individuals who renounce to force each other or to govern each other, each keeping full sovereignty over himself: Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) sketched in his influential treatise The Social Contract of 1762 another version of the theory of social contracts as the basis of political rights, which are based on unlimited popular sovereignty….